When a solid surface is immersed in liquid and the solid surface temperature, Tw, exceeds the saturation temperature, Tsat, for the liquid at that pressure, vapor bubbles can form, grow, and detach from the solid surface. This phase change process is called boiling, and the energy transport involved is classified as convective heat transfer with phase change.
- Nucleation and Inception, Bubble Dynamics, Homogeneous Bubble Growth, Heterogeneous Bubble Growth, Bubble Growth Within Superheated Liquid Droplets, Bubble Detachment, Nucleate Site Density, and Heat Transfer.
Faghri, A., Zhang, Y., and Howell, J. R., 2010, Advanced Heat and Mass Transfer, Global Digital Press, Columbia, MO.
Faghri, A., and Zhang, Y., 2006, Transport Phenomena in Multiphase Systems, Elsevier, Burlington, MA.