Sublimation and Vapor Deposition

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When the system pressure is below the triple point pressure, direct phase change between solid and vapor can occur. The process whereby solid is vaporized without going through the liquid phase is referred to as sublimation. The process whereby a vapor phase turns to solid is referred to as deposition, which is the opposite process of sublimation.
When the gaseous precursors are absorbed by a heated substrate – where a chemical reaction takes place – the nucleation and lattice incorporation leads to formation of a solid film. This process is referred to as Chemical Vapor Deposition (CVD).

Sublimation over a flat plate and in a circular tube, and sublimation with chemical reaction.
Basics, governing equations, Transport Properties, CVD in horizontal reactor, CVD in Barrel Reactor, and Laser Chemical Vapor Deposition (LCVD).

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Faghri, A., and Zhang, Y., 2006, Transport Phenomena in Multiphase Systems, Elsevier, Burlington, MA.

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